Salaat(Prayer) is the major pillar of Islam. Prayer is offered for God and the reason is to get forgiveness from God. There are major steps to offer salaat(Prayer) which should be kept in mind and cannot be changed. It should be kept in mind that prayer is for God and God is listening to the person who is offering Prayer. Salaat is also called as Namaaz in Urdu language and Prayer in English.
There is some difference in the prayer of men and women which should be kept in mind while offering it. The recitation during Prayer should not be silent or so loud but it should be as loud as your ears can hear it only. Your voice should not create any problems in the recitation of the others. Direction to offer prayer is specified .
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Method of offering Salaat(Prayer).
Stand up facing Kabah. It is called Qayam. The space between feet should be about four to five fingers apart, do not stand wide spread like most people do these days.. They should be pointing towards Kabah.
Say, “I pray two rakah (or as many required for that time) Fard (if its Fard or say Sunnat if its Sunnat or say Wajib if its Wajib or Say Nafil if its Nafil) for Allah Tala Face towards Kabah”. If praying behind Imam add “Behind this Imam”. It is called Niyat (Intention).
Raise both of your hands next to each ears. Touch the lobes of your each ear with thumbs.Then say’’Allah Hu Akbar’’.
Place the hands on navel right hand on top of left hand. Thumb and Pinky (smallest finger) should be wraped around the wrist of left hand’s wrist. It should be like you are locking or grabbing the left hand wrist. Rest of the three fingers of right hand should be strait in line to each other
Subhana Kalla Humma Wa Bee Hamdika Wata Baara Kasmooka Wa Ta’ala Jaddoo Ka Wa La ilaha Ghairuka” Wait a little.
Then read, “Aaoo Zoo Billahee Minash Shaitaunir Rajeem” Wait a little.
Then read, “Bismillah Hir Rahmaanir Raheem” Wait a little.
Then read Soorah Fatiha, “Alhamdo Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen Ar Rahmaanir Raheem Maaliki Yaomid Deen iyya Kana Budoo Wa iyya kanastaeen ihdinas Siratual Mustaqeem Siratual Lazeena An Amtaa Alaihim Ghairil Maghdoobe Alaihim Walad Dualleen” Wait a little.
Then say, ” Ameen”. Wait a little.
Then read, “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem“. Wait a little.
Then read any surrah from Quran or atleast three Ayats. We are writing you a small one. Read this Surrah, ” Wal A’sre Innal Insaana Lafi Khusr illal Lazeena Aamanoo Wa A’milos Sualihaati Wa Tawa Sao Bil Haqqi Wa Tawa Sao Bis Sabr “ Wait a little.
Then Say “Allah Hoo Akbar” and bow (its called Ruku), hold your knees with your hands. The fingers should be separated with gaps in them. The back should be horizontally strait in line like a board. (Salat images will be available on Oct 1st 2006, Insha Allah).
Recite, “Subhaana Rabbiyal Azeem” At least three times. Three, five and seven times are Sunnat (Sunnat means what Prophet Mohammad peace be upon him liked to do). Wait a little.
Then start to stand up saying, “Samee Allahoo Layman Hamidah – Rabbana Lakal Hamd” Start to say Samee when leaving Rookh (bowing poster) and end with Hameedah when you are fully errect. Wait a little.
Now say, “Allah Hoo Akbar”.
Now go to Sajdah (placing face on ground). In sajdah all the fingers of feet should be twisted so that the round soft part of the fingers is touching the ground. Hand fingers should be close to face and facing Kabah in strait line. Put enough pressure on nose so that the bone of nose should feel the hardness of earth (do not hurt your self but should be firm) Arms should be away from body like a bird opens the wings.
Now read, “Subhaana Rabbiyal Aala” at least three times. Three, five and seven times are Sunnat. Wait a little.
Now sit down on your left foot (It’s called Jalsa) the right foot should be sticking out and all of the foot fingers should be twisted. The soft part of the foot fingers should touch the ground. Sit for the amount of time you could say Subhan Allah at least three times.
Now go back to sajadah and perform as you did before Jalsa.
After completing second sajdah get up and go back to Qayam (standing up) Saying “Allah Hoo Akbar” Then read , “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem” Wait a little.
Now again read Soorah Fatiha, “Alhamdo Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen Ar Rahmaanir Raheem Maaliki Yaomid Deen iyya Kana Budo Wa iyyaka Nastaeen ihdinas Sirataul Mustaqeem Siratual Lazeena An Amtaa Alaihim Ghairil Maghdoobe Alaihim Walad Dualeen” Wait a little.
Then say, “Ameen” Wait a little.
Then read, “Bismillahir Rahamaanir Raheem” Wait a little.
Then read any surrah from Quran or at least three Ayahs. We are writing you another small one. Soorah Al kausar, “Innaa Aataina Kal Kauser Fasalli Li Rabbi Ka Vanhar Inna Shaaniaka Hooal Abtar”. Wait a little and repeat the steps from 11 to 18.
This time after second Sajdah do not go back to Qayam (standing up) but go back to Jalsa (sitting) but now it’s called Qaidah.
Now read, “Atthayyato Lillahe Wassalawato Wat Tayyebato Assalamu Alaika Ayyohan Nabiyo Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatoh Assalamu Alaina Wa Ala ibadillahis Sualaiheen Ashadu An La ilaah illal Laho Wa Ashadu Anna Mohammadan Abdohoo Wa Rasooluhoo”
Now read this Durood Sharif, “Allah Humma Salle Ala Mohammadiyon Wa Ala Ale Mohammadin Kama Sallaita Aala ibraheema Wa Ala Aalay ibraheema inna Ka Hameedum Majeed. Allah Humma Baarik Aala Mohammadiyon Wa Ala Ale Mohammadin Kama Barakta Ala ibraheema Wa Ala Ale ibraheema inna Ka Hameedum Majeed.” Wait a little.
Now read this dua, “Allah Humma Rabbana Aatina Fid Dunya Hasanah Wa Fil Akhirate Hasanah Wa Qina Azaban Naar.” Wait a little.
Now turn your head towards right and say, “Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah”
Now turn your head towards left and read the same as above, “Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rehmatullah”
Prayer is completed now . There are different Rakaats in every Prayer and we have to remember while offering them.
First two rakat Sunnat Mokadda then two rakat Fard;
First four rakat Sunnat Mokadda then four rakat Fard then two rakat sunnat Mokadda; (two rakat nafils at the end are optional)
First four rakat sunnat ghair mokadda then Four rakat Fard; (four rakat Sunnate Ghair mokadda befor this is optional)
First three rakat Fard then two rakat Sunnat Mokadda; (Two nafils after sunnat are optional)
First Four rakat Fard then two rakat sunnat mokkada then three rakats Wajib; (four rakat sunnat e ghair mokadda before farz, two nafil before and two after Wajib are optional)
Must be with Wudu for all Salahs.